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Flipped Learning is an approach to teaching which sees students learn the material before the lesson.

In traditional learning, students sit in classes or lectures and receive information. This type of learning is also known as passive learning, where the students are not actively engaged in what is taking place but they are generally sitting and listening.  After a class or lecture, the students will then complete some sort of task to secure or extend their learning. Often, students will also undertake homework activities.

In flipped learning students go through material before the lesson, and then spend their time in the classroom/lecture applying the skills that they have learned. This is active learning, where the student is engaged in completing tasks for the majority of their class time.

In a primary school, this might mean a teacher sends out the 'input' material (PowerPoint, possibly a video) before the lesson - and then the children access this at home. During their class time, they would then apply the skill to problems with the support of the teacher.


  • The learner has more time to apply skills with the support of a teacher

  • Class time becomes a place where children can develop 'higher-order' skills and extending what they have learned.

  • Children can develop their independent learning skills.

  • Hometime is used to learn skills not repeat them.


  • In a primary setting, you would be relying on high parental support for all children - in this sense, it may not be appropriate for key English or maths teaching, but may be more appropriate for assigning projects.

  • In schools with diverse academic needs, children will learn at different rates - and some may have difficulties accessing the input without a teacher present.

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